Medina Al Munawarah is the second holy city for Muslims. There lies the Nabawi Mosque which was founded in 622 or the first year of the hijri, after the Prophet Muhammad moved from Mecca to Medina. It used to be called Yatsrib. After the Prophet Muhammad moved to this city, Yatsrib was known as “Madinatur Rasul”. Then, people call this city “Al-Madinah”. Aside from that, perhaps you should be clicking here to find out more about a reliable Arabic learning center.
When the Prophet entered Medina, the Ansar hailed him and offered him a home to rest. But the Prophet Muhammad answered wisely, namely to let his camel run, because he was commanded by Allah SWT.
The Prophet then stayed a few months at the house of Abu Ayub Al Ansari. He erected a mosque (Nabawi) on a piece of land that was partially owned by As’ad bin Zurrah, partially belonging to both orphans (Sahal and Suhai), and part of the Musyrikin graveyard which had been damaged. The land belonging to the two orphans was purchased at a price of ten dinars paid by Abu Bakar RA, while the grave land and the property of As’ad bin Zurrah were handed over as waqf. The Prophet Muhammad laid the first stone of the mosque’s establishment, followed by the companions of the Prophet namely Abu Bakr, Umar, Utsmand, and Ali. Then the mosque construction was carried out together until it was finished.
When it was completed, the condition of the mosque was still very simple without decoration, without mats and for lighting, at night the dried date palm fronds were used. The fence is from ground stone, the pillars are from the stem of the date palm and the roof is palm leaf midrib. At that time Baitul Maqdis in Jerusalem became a mecca because the order to face the Ka’bah had not yet come down. On the side of the mosque was built the residence of the Prophet Muhammad and his family which later became the burial place of the Prophet, family, and friends.